Migration of ADAS from Passenger Cars towards Heavy Truck and Military Applications
Advanced Driver Assistant Systems (ADAS) features currently available in the passenger car domain include Adaptive Cruise Control (ACC), Blind Spot Detection (BSD), Lane Departure Warning (LDW), Lane Change Assist (LCA), Lane Keeping Control (LKC) and Automatic Parking Assist (APA).
Manufacturers of heavy trucks (for example, class 8 tractor-trailer trucks), mass transit buses and military vehicles are also developing ADAS features. In fact, the heavy truck industry and the military have been stronger advocates of ADAS early on and funded many research projects towards the goal of automated driving.
For example, the California PATH (formerly known as Partners for Advanced Transit and Highways) had conducted research on platooning of passenger cars and heavy trucks. As one of the earliest demonstrations of autonomous driving, PATH successfully showed platooning technology. In 1997, on an expressway in San Diego, Calif., five cars were automated for speed control, lane change, and joining and splitting of platoon. Sensing technologies included radars on the vehicles and the magnetic guidance system embedded in the road.