Advanced driver assistance systems
Vehicle technologies and road casualty reduction Vehicle safety is a key strategy to address ambitious long-term and interim goals and targets as part of an integrated Safe System approach (See ERSO web text on Road Safety Management and Vehicle Safety). Secondary safety or crash protection technologies continue to deliver large savings; in the last few years, primary safety or crash avoidance technologies have started to contribute to casualty reduction and hold potentially large future promise. At the same time, new in-vehicle technologies under development have the potential to increase as well as decrease crash injury risk through introducing new driver distraction and inadvertent behavioural change that may solve one problem but create another. The safety effects of some of the technologies that are being promoted widely in the name of safety have yet to be demonstrated. More promising safety technologies that address large road safety problems and where benefits have been demonstrated are being promoted in only a few countries or are being taken up at a lesser rate across EU countries. The European Commission’s Cars 21 strategy (see Cars 21) envisages an automotive industry that is leading in technology (clean, fuel-efficient, safe, and connected) and where vehicle safety can and should be further improved, for occupants and unprotected road users. The European New Car Assessment Programme (EuroNCAP) is developing a new role in assessing the safety quality of e-Safety systems through Advanced EuroNCAP and a new road map is underway to allow emerging crash avoidance technologies to be included (albeit not supplanting crash protection measures) into the assessment scheme by 2015. With the rapid deployment of new technologies on to the market, evaluation of systems referring to the analysis of final and intermediate outcome data as well as other relevant data is essential before wide-scale deployment.