Crash data reports make for sombre reading. The latest to be published by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) shows that 37,461 lives were lost on US roads in 2016, marking a 5.6% increase from 2015 and the second consecutive year of rising fatalities.

In Europe, 25,670 people died in road traffic-related collisions according to statistics from the European Transport Safety Council. While this represents a 2% decrease compared to the previous year, it is still a long way from the target set by the European Union in 2010 to halve the 2010 figure of 31,500 road traffic fatalities by 2020.

Reducing emissions is also a key issue for the automotive industry, with authorities all over the world setting tougher targets. These typically come in the form of a proposal or guideline document before being introduced as legislation. As a result, OEMs and suppliers are constantly developing new technologies.

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